Ransomware has been the primary cause for various companies’ near downfall irrespective of their size or type. The hackers feed on the data-enriched database that they utilize to blackmail the company authorities and ask for a handsome ransom. If not paid, they often expose the database on the various dark web forums and websites.
There are several ways you or your company can prevent cybercriminals from gaining access to your database and hence prevent a ransomware attack. These ransomware prevention ways or tips are as follows:
⟴ Avoid Clicking On The Unverified Links
People generally have a tendency to open links whenever any link comes to their email. They never think if a link in their inbox is malicious. If you ever come across a hyperlink in an email in your spam folder or from a strange website, refrain from opening it. Often the hackers utilize these links to spread ransomware that might initiate a malware download on clicking the link. As the malware gets installed on your computer, it can encrypt all of your data and hold it hostage. You will only be able to recover the data when you pay the ransom and acquire the decryption key.
⟴ Scan All Emails For Malware
The email recipients usually do not have the knowledge if an email in their inbox is malicious. This work is done by the scanning software, which, when installed, scans all your emails to find if there is any malware and discards it as necessary. This way, you have a malware-free filtered inbox. However, the scanning software is also capable of identifying malware embedded in a media file or an attachment.
⟴ Use Endpoint Protection
The endpoint protection shields the individual endpoints from threats. Certain types of traffic are much more prone to carrying various kinds of threats. The endpoint protection secures your device from being involved in those kinds of data. The hackers also utilize malicious applications for infecting your endpoints with the help of ransomware. The endpoint protection prevents the designated endpoints from running these suspicious malware-infected applications.
⟴ Use Firewalls
Firewalls prove to be a good solution for preventing ransomware attacks. The firewall scans the incoming traffic from both ends and examines it for malware and various other threats. Using this technique, a firewall can ascertain a file’s source, the file’s destination, and several related information on how it traveled. It makes use of this information to gather knowledge on whether it contains ransomware.
Additionally, an NGFW or Next-generation Firewall uses the deep packet inspection (DPI) for examining the contents of the data searching for ransomware, and then it discards any file that may contain one.
⟴ Prefer Trusted Websites For Downloads
When it comes to downloading any file, we do not generally check if the website from which we are downloading is authentic. Even if we do, we allow permission to download and install files from untrusted sources owing to the fact that we are actually getting what we wanted. This provides the hackers with an opportunity where they imply their social engineering tactics and drive a user to click within the website.
In some instances, the link might appear to be innocent. If you are unknown to the site or its URL seems suspicious, you must avoid opening it. Cybercriminals often develop fake websites that resemble the trusted ones. You need to double-check the website URL before proceeding.
⟴ Regularly Backup Your Important Data
Mostly, cybercriminals take advantage of the specific data on which an organization runs. Since the data is an integral part of an organization’s daily operations, victims might feel that it makes more sense to pay out the asked ransom in a bid to regain their access to the compromised data. This temptation can be avoided if you regularly backup your data.
⟴ Use A VPN While In Public Wi-Fi
The public Wi-Fi acts as a pretty convenient internet source due to easy access without a password. This makes it easy for hackers to utilize public Wi-Fi and spread ransomware. Thus, you must always use a Premium VPN when you are on the public network.
⟴ Use Trusted Security Software
Security software is a powerful tool for preventing ransomware. It checks the files that find their way to your computer via the internet. When the software identifies a malicious file, it immediately prevents it from intruding on your computer. The security software utilizes various profiles of the known threats and malevolent file types to detect the ones dangerous for your system. Often the security software receives updates which you need to update or set to automatic.
⟴ Never Use Unfamiliar USB Devices
A USB storage device may be used to store malicious files containing ransomware. It is possible for the USB to capture your computer if it has an executable file or if a file gets auto launched on insertion. The cybercriminals might leave an unknown USB for some people who might be curious to explore it.
⟴ Restrict Exposure Of Personal Information
A cybercriminal sets a variety of traps if they acquire the correct personal data. Most of the time, people use the same passwords for their computers and the websites and accounts as well. The threat actor can utilize your personal data and get into your account, and finally to your device to install the ransomware. When you refrain from oozing out your personal information, you actually make it much more difficult for them to conduct this kind of attack. Personal data also comprises the names of the people you know, pets, or the places you have visited, which basically you use as your security answers for your account.